September 12, 2012

How to extract Palm fruit oil (Aku/ banga)

Palm Fruit also known as African Oil Palm is an oval shaped fruit from the African palm tree (Elaeis guineensis ). The Outer red fleshy fruit is the primary source of palm oil while the single inner edible kernel nut is the primary source of palm kernel oil. From the average palm fruit can be processed into different forms such as; 

1) Palm Fruit Juice: This is the juice extract from the outer fleshy pericarp of whole fruit without further processing. It's used in preparing various Nigerian dishes such as Banga soup, Ofe aku, Abak Atama e.t.c.
2) Palm Oil: This is the most popular product from the palm fruit. it is red in colour and used in various ways. When processed further, you'd get other products such as palm olein 

  • Palmolein (Vegetable oil): Bleached, neutralized, deodorized & de-gummed palm oil. 
3) Palm Kernel Oil: Bleached, Neutralized, Deodorized Oil. This is processed from the kernel. After the processing of the fresh kernel fruit to yield palm oil, the shelled inner palm kernel nut which is left is then cracked to yield the palm kernel fruit which is crushed and processed into palm kernel oil. This is used in the production of vegetable oils, soaps, creams and candles and not suitable for human consumption therefore mainly used for soap making. 
In this tutorial, we'd be learning how to extract palm fruit juice for native soups such as ofe akubanga soupatama soup. Although people have made it easier by canning this and selling, its always best to have the basic knowledge of extracting palm fruit oil (oil palm). Being a Lazy city girl *Coughs* I usually try to skip this very important step in cooking by taking the shortcut (Using Palm oil) when cooking soups like ora, utazi e.t.c (Can't do that for banga though :) ) which makes the soup taste less like its “original” counterpart. But when I’m in my home town, I really can’t escape this step because everything has to be done in due process.
Palm fruit oil(Aku/banga) is quite different from palmoil due to its extraction process. Also, palm kernel oil is different from Palm oil. Palm oil is pure oil extracted from palm fruit pulp at high temperature while the palm fruit oil extract used for certain soups like Aku/Banga,Uziza and oha is extracted at very low temperature and is a mixture of water and oil.


Procedure:::
*Wash the palm kernels, place them in a pot and boil for about 30mins till the husk is tender


*Pour the Boiled kernels into a morter (without the water used in boiling) and pound till the husk comes off the nut seed within (Aki)




*Scoop the pounded kernels into a bowl and add some warm water






*Gently squeeze out the palm fruit oil from the kernels .



* Using a sieve, filter the palm fruit oil with clean water into a pot. 


(After the palm fruit oil extraction, the palm kernel nuts can be kept and processed to yield palm kernel oil)

*Boil till most of the water used in filtering evaporates leaving the palm oil in the pot

* This can now be used for soups like Banga (Ofe aku), Ofe Utazi (Utazi soup), Ofe oha(Ora soup) and so much more….


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6 comments:

  1. I am a Ghanaian myself and it certainly appears we all have something in common.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. We sure do cudjoe:)..Thanks!

      Delete
  2. Nice work, makes cooking look so interesting though it's one of my fave hobbies

    ReplyDelete
  3. Interesting post; Keep it up dobby!

    ReplyDelete

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