Sunday, 6 October 2013

Food Profile: Indigenous Nigerian herbs and spices

Hello Blog fam! 
Hope y'all are doing great. Did you know that some of the very expensive IMPORTED green herbal teas we buy is non-other than leaves of the moringa trees we use to fence and beautify our houses or even feed our goats with???
Or that the curry powder we know is a blend of different spices??? The most confusing which I’m still unsure of is that Basil leaves which we mostly get from supermarkets is actually dried Scent leaves a.k.a  Nchuawun / Efinrin!!! :s
Scent Leaves a.k.a Nchuawun or Ahimu (Igbo), Efinrin (Yoruba)
 I don’t know how true that is but a lot of people seem to agree with that. I've come to a conclusion that we've got most herbs, spices and plants in Nigeria but since they go by different names due to the diverse tribes and ethnic groups, they've been lost in translation.  Please share any Herbs, spices, or plants whose local and foreign names you know.  If you know their uses please share also. We’d love to be enlightened. 

PAGE UNDER RECONSTRUCTION (UPDATING!!!)

Spices:::

1. Local Name:      Cameroon Pepper 
    English Name: 
    Botanical Name:

2. Local Name:      Mpuru uziza seeds (Igbo), (Ashanti pepper)
    English Name: 
    Botanical Name: Piper guineese


3. Local Name:    Kanafuru (Hausa)
    English Name: Cloves 
    Botanical Name:

    English Name: Calabash Nutmeg 
    Botanical Name: 
Monodora myristica

5. Local Name: "Umilo" itshekiri)
    English Name:  Nutmeg
    Botanical Name:

6. Local Name: 
    English Name: Ginger
    Botanical Name:

7. Local Name:
    English Name: 
Garlic
    Botanical Name:

8. Local Name:        Uda UwentiaUda or Enge
    English Name:    
Negro pepper
    Botanical Name: xylopia aethiopica

9. Local Name: Gbafilo
    English Name:
    Botanical Name:

10. Local Name: Ataiko
      English Name:
      Botanical Name:

11. Local Name: Irugege
      English Name:
      Botanical Name:

12. Local Name: Oburunbebe Stick
      English Name:
      Botanical Name:

13. Local Name:        Uyayak, (prekese)
      English Name:    Aiden 
      Botanical Name: 
tetrapleura tetraptera

14. Local Name: 
      English Name: Tumeric
      Botanical Name:

15. Local Name: 
      English Name:   Alligator pepper
      Botanical Name:


Condiments:::

1. Local Name:       Okpei (Igbo)
    English Name:   Locust Beans (fermented) 
    Botanical Name:


2. Local Name:       Iru (Yoruba) 
    English Name:   
Locust Beans (fermented) 
    Botanical Name:


3. Local Name:       Dawadawa (Hausa type)
    English Name:   Locust Beans (fermented)
    Botanical Name:


3. Local Name:    Ogiri (Igbo) - Click to read more
    English Name: 
    Botanical Name:

4. Local Name:       Akaun (Igbo),  Kanwa(Hausa)
    English Name:   
Potash
    Botanical Name:

5. Local Name:       Okporo (Igbo)
      English Name:   Dry crayfish 
      Botanical Name:

6. Local Name:      Achi
      English Name:
      Botanical Name:


147 comments:

  1. Anonymous7:27 pm

    Dobby, Cameroon pepper is not an indigenous nigerian spice.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Anon! Cameroon pepper is definitely not native to nigeria though people usually mistake it for dried yellow scotch bonnet (yellow pepper).

      Delete
    2. Hi! Pls can you please help me with a referral to where and how I can get cinnamon powder asap, plsss! I live in Ikorodu. Thank you!!

      Delete
    3. Anonymous10:45 pm

      I beg to differ on this matter. Today we give credit for the yellow pepper to the Cameroons, yesterday some silly Nigerians claimed the rubbish green pineapples from Cotonou was the best or Ghana ankara is suddenly better that anything Nigeria has produced. All bullshit. Nigeria has good fertile lands and our land produce some of the richest crops on earth. Though am not sure of the true origin of the yellow pepper that some people call Cameroon pepper and some Ghana pepper but I know that before traders started importing it from Cameroon we had it in Nsukka. My mom lived in Nsukka in the 1950's and told us stories in the early 80's about the lovely scented yellow pepper and a variety of palm oil that can preserve soup for more than a week without refrigeration. These two she said was indigenous to the Nsukka people. The pepper was called 'Ose Nsukka'. When she got some from a friend from Nsukka we planted it in our small farm in Lagos here and everyone who partook of it loved it. Dobby, your doing a good job here but please educate our people better.

      Delete
    4. I think i got mine wrong.can someone help me. I bought the mix and followed the instructions but it didn't come out well.

      Delete
  2. Anonymous9:13 pm

    Basil leaf is quite different cos nchawu is African Wild Basil, it can be a substitute for basil tho.
    Nice blog btw, i'm always here but 1st time to comment.
    Bunny.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thanks for the much needed clarification bunny :). I'm glad u dropped a comment this time :D

      Delete
    2. Anonymous2:02 pm

      Am always here but don't really read comments but this got me today.
      BASIL is very very different from Scent leaf and I don't quite agree with the substitution thing. Basil is very sweet while my good old Nchawu is sharp if you know what I mean....
      moi Dobby

      Delete
    3. Thanks for the contribution Anon :)

      Delete
  3. Anonymous2:05 pm

    Could Scent leaves be "mint leaves aka peppermint leaves" Coz basil doesn't exactly have a strong scent but mint does

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Scent leaves (efinrin/ nchuawun mostly used in peppersoups and stir-frys) is not mint leaves (peppermint leaves mostly used as tea). They are two different leaves entirely.

      Delete
    2. Anonymous4:44 pm

      could u please kindly upload mint leave,i really need to know,i thought its the same as Basil leave(nchanwu)

      Delete
    3. Hi anon, please click on the "Indigenous Nigerian leafy vegetables and Herbs in Nigeria" link above for pictures of scent and mint leaves.

      Delete
    4. scent leaves is doddoya in hausa and basil in english

      Delete
  4. Anonymous2:22 pm

    Green tea is actually green tea unless the "green herbal tea" is mixed with several herbs including green tea leaves companies labeling Moringa as green herbal tea are misleading people. Green tea is made from the same leaves as black tea only the process is different which allows the leaves to remain green hence the term green tea which is great if you are trying to get rid of belly fat.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thanks for the insight Anon :). Most products here could be quite misleading. Hopefully, there'd be ways to differentiate btw them soon.

      Delete
    2. Yes, green tea is not moringa. Kanafuru is cloves

      Delete
  5. Please what do Nigerians call Turmeric?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I've forgotten but I know yoruba sellers have it. The powdered turmeric is as sharp as curry while the raw one looks like ginger. Might ask my customer morrow and reply again

      Delete
    2. Anonymous2:58 pm

      kurkur in hausa, atale in yoruba
      visit flair9ja.blogspot.com :)

      Delete
    3. Tumeric is Ata Ile Pupa. The local herb sellers at Mushin, Boundary markets etc sell them. I mean Alagbo. It's a root like the ginger but has a curry color

      Delete
    4. Anonymous11:16 am

      Turmeric is called ATA ILEPUPA in Yoruba

      Delete
  6. Anonymous12:22 pm

    Very nice blog Dobby, i discovered it a few weeks back and have already introduced my friends. keep up the good work

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Awww!!!! Thanks Anon! i really do appreciate :)

      Delete
    2. It's called Ata Ile Pupa. Check the local herb sellers at the market. I mean Alagbo. It's a root like ginger

      Delete
  7. herbs and spices9:22 am


    Great site! Great for inspiration and spice advice!

    ReplyDelete
  8. Anonymous5:02 pm

    Chilli pepper is the same ata gigun in the market...

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Anonymous11:44 am

      please what is the local name for mint leaf?

      Delete
    2. Mint is Na' a na'a in Hausa

      Delete
  9. Anonymous8:10 pm

    Thank you for this post. please where can we find cinnamon in Nigeria and does it have a name?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Anonymous9:52 am

      cinnamon tree in yoruba is ewe agbayun or igi didun.

      Delete
    2. Anonymous4:55 pm

      Buy gretafood cinnamon,its 100% pure,buy it from offin canal street,Apongbon, Lagos island ,where they sell bakery stuff or ebonyi plaza trade fair,where they sell bakery too

      Delete
  10. cinnamon is everywhr o! Do u knw supreme spices??? It's common and u can find it in d market, shops and supermarkets. Jst go to d spices section and u'll see cinnamon powder-its 300naira. Supreme spices ve diff variants frm d norm thyme, curry to cinnamon, tumeric, meat tenderizer, garlic, ginger, mixed spice...dey com in diff colours in medium sized bottled containers. I hope dis helps

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Anonymous8:41 am

      Very much. Tnx Quinn

      Delete
  11. I am on this with you Dobby, I have been searching for local names of some spices and herbs. For now I buy from shop rite, park n shop and interestingly you can get a wide range of spices from this stores.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thanks for the helpful info sisiekomi :)

      Delete
  12. Hi Dobby,I came across tis site while searching for Nigeria spice bulk spice sellers . Do You know of any?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Anonymous3:39 pm

      This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.

      Delete
  13. Hi Dobby,
    I incidentally stumbled into your blog while searching for bulk spice sellers in Nigeria .Do you know of any?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hello freda,
      For now I really haven't come across bulk spice sellers but once I do, I'd upload the link on this page.

      Delete
  14. Anonymous2:34 pm

    What are the local names for noni, gingseng and ganodama plants.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Ginseng and ganodama are asian Herbs

      Delete
  15. Anonymous10:51 pm

    I thank you 4making me a good cook

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thank you too for visiting :)

      Delete
  16. Anonymous8:56 am

    'Ehu' also called 'Ariwo' is known as Calabash nutmeg in english.

    ReplyDelete
  17. Dear Dobby,

    My name is Swati and I work with a company called Surgery Assistance India (www.surgeryassistanceindia.com). We are a Medical tourism company and we assist International patients who are seeking treatment in India. We assist many patients from Africa and we also provide them African Cuisine.

    Could you suggest some recipies that we can serve and that will be good for their health. Also, the ingredients that are available in India will also be a little different than Africa, I will be grateful if you could also give me some replacements for the ingredients that are not available here.

    Regards,
    Swati
    www.surgeryassistanceindia.com

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. please send me your email address swati, i'd be glad to assist. dobbyssignature@gmail.com

      Delete
  18. Anonymous11:52 pm

    tumeric is called ata ile pupa while ginger is called ata ile in Yoruba

    ReplyDelete
  19. Anonymous1:09 am

    So wer can tumeric b found in nigeria hear ??? Can any body help expecialy in ibadan

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Anonymous9:59 am

      Most indian shops at illupeju or vi have it

      Delete
    2. purity134:38 pm

      You can get turmeric ( ginger) in the local market place. Is very popular and easy to get in the market.

      Delete
    3. Go to Alagbo. Herb sellers

      Delete
    4. This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.

      Delete
    5. This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.

      Delete
  20. Anonymous8:08 pm

    Pls wat is d yoruba name for mint leaf?

    ReplyDelete
  21. Anonymous8:04 am

    Pls what is d local name for cinnamon, will really apreciate if u cn help thnk u

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Anonymous2:52 am

      Cinnamon is not a Nigerian spice

      Delete
    2. Anonymous9:53 am

      cinnamon tree in yoruba is ewe agbayun or igi didun.

      Delete
  22. Anonymous11:29 am

    Pls what is the yoruba and hausa name for cinnamon

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. ibrahim11:19 am

      cinnamon is kirfa in hausa and mint we call it Na' a na'a

      Delete
  23. Anonymous10:39 am

    What is the Yoruba name for mint leaf

    ReplyDelete
  24. Anonymous4:34 am

    What is Yoruba name for mint leave is very important

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. i haven't heard of a local name for mint. The hausa vegetable vendors that sell it don't have a name for it also> They call it NaaNa which is an arabic word for Mint.

      Delete
    2. Anonymous5:38 pm

      What is turmric in igbo pls

      Delete
    3. Anonymous5:46 am

      Tumeric is called Nwandumo in Ebonyi, ohu boboch in Enugu (Nkanu
      East), gigir in Tiv, gangamau in Hausa, Magina in Kaduna, Turi in
      Niger State, onjonigho in Cross River

      Delete
    4. Anonymous6:00 pm

      Tumeric is kurkum in hausa,and is used for traditional beauty treatments too. So most local beauty palors have it in the north. Kurkum is also arabic like na' na (mint leaves)

      Delete
  25. Anonymous2:02 pm

    what is the local name for CINNAMON and where can i buy it in abuja

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. cinnamon is kirfa in hausa

      Delete
  26. shaddy8:29 am

    Pls dobby, what quantity of zobo leaves and water can I use for 200 bottles of 50cl? I don't want it too light and too thick? Thank

    ReplyDelete
  27. Anonymous8:36 am

    Pls dobby, what quantity of Zobo leaves and water can I use for 200 bottles of 50cl for it not to be too light and too thick? Thanks

    ReplyDelete
  28. Anonymous8:44 am

    Hello Dobby,what name does yoruba called Saw palmetto and Black cohosh

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Anonymous11:55 am

      what is the yoruba name for black cohosh

      Delete
  29. Anonymous2:56 pm

    Thanks for giving us the name of cinnamon in hausa, good work keep it up!!

    ReplyDelete
  30. Anonymous2:57 pm

    Pls what is tumeric in hausa language?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. laila9:45 am

      I know turmeric is called kurkum in hausa.

      Delete
  31. Anonymous7:36 pm

    Pls, which basil leave is de same as nchuanwun (Igbo) or efirin (Yoruba)

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Clove Basil. You might want to check out the full list of : Nigerian leafy vegetables with pictures here also

      Delete
  32. Anonymous2:24 pm

    where can One buy mint leave/spice in Lagos

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. You could checkout my post on Where to buy foreign fruits and vegetables in Nigeria apart from shoprite.

      Delete
    2. Anonymous3:18 pm

      Great to find this blog, was looking for Nigerian spices. I am thinking of making tea out of most of our spices, like scent leave/nchawu, Utazi, Achara leaf, Pepper fruit, alligator pepper, negro pepper/Uda, Ehure. There are some spices from the Benin area but can't remember what they are called, especially pepper soup spices.

      I combine mint and Lemon balm leave with honey as tea. Very healthy. It contains Iron, vitamin K (good for you if you are bleeding), beta- Carotene (prevents stroke and high blood pressure).

      Unfortunately not enough research has been done on our Nigerian spices, it could be good to know the chemical composition of this different spices so we know how to combine them.

      This is a challenge for Botany, Chemistry, Biochemistry in our Nigerian Universities.
      The chinese and Indian come frequently to Nigeria to study our herbs and take samples and seeds to plant in there countries and sell back to us.
      Nigeria Researchers in this area wake up. The world is tired of waiting for us and they come here to get it themselves.
      Sometimes I wonder the purpose of Universities in Nigeria, Universities bring about innovation, but instead in Nigeria it is the Illitrates persons that do this in Nigeria.
      I don't know what University Professors in Nigeria are doing honestly.
      Thanks again Dobby for the good work, Please could you make contact with any Nigeria University to publish the chemical content of all our herbs and spices in Nigeria. I manage to find only one publication with a few spices. search google for the article: "Studies on the chemical and antinutritional content of
      some Nigerian spices"
      Authors: Friday O. Uhegbu1*, Emeka E. J. Iweala2 and Ijeoma Kanu3

      Delete
  33. Anonymous9:05 am

    Ok, so what then is the Nigerian name for mint leaves, where can I get it from? Urgent.

    ReplyDelete
  34. Anonymous9:06 am

    Ok so what then is the Nigerian name for mint leavesand where can one get it? Urgent please.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Mint leave is known as Na' a na'a by the northerners. you could get it at shoprite or click Here

      Delete
    2. Anonymous7:50 am

      mint is "ntong" in Efik

      Delete
    3. Anonymous12:58 am

      Pls is mint and spearmint leaves the same? If they are different help get thier niheroan nemes

      Delete
  35. pls at all what is yoruba namse for dong quai, licorise???

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. dong quai "Angelica sinensis", commonly known as or "female ginseng" is indigenous to China. Liquorice or licorice which is the root of "Glycyrrhiza glabra" is a legume that is native to southern Europe and parts of Asia.

      Delete
    2. Anonymous11:09 am

      Licorice is OBURUNBEBE STICK popularly used for banga soup by delta people. Check it out

      Delete
  36. Anonymous9:09 pm

    Pls what is d name of almond seed in yoruba

    ReplyDelete
  37. Anonymous9:09 pm

    Pls what is d name of almond seed in yoruba

    ReplyDelete
  38. Anonymous9:47 am

    Please is fenugreek a Nigerian herb? what's it called?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. ebere9:49 am

      where i buy spices the hausa people call fenugreek is called "hulba"

      Delete
    2. Fenugreek is Erun in Yoruba

      Delete
  39. Great site.

    You have done a good job of revealing indigenous herbs and spices nigerians can use to prepare delicious meals.

    Come to think of it, with a little effort, we dont really need to get ourselves bugged down with the fat loaded and calories saturated junks foods at the fast foods joints.

    Thanks for making efforts to educated Nigerians.

    I wish you well

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thank you too Kingsley :)

      Delete
  40. Anonymous11:32 am

    Does anyone know the Nigeria name for sage leaf?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Anon,
      Sage leaf is not native to these parts therefore the likelihood of it having local names is low

      Delete
  41. Anonymous5:45 pm

    hi hi Dobby , pls what do Nigerians call fennel seeds

    ReplyDelete
  42. Anonymous6:05 pm

    i know it is scientifically called Foeniculum vulgare dulce but i don't know what it is called in Nigeria and where i can get it in Abuja where i stay

    ReplyDelete
  43. Anonymous1:02 am

    Wat is anoda name for mint nd pepermint leave

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Anonymous7:46 am

      Check the comments above. The name for mint/peppermint is already there.

      Delete
  44. PLEASE DOES ANYONE KNOW THE NAME FOR ALMOND SEED IN YORUBA PLEASE

    ReplyDelete
  45. PLEASE DOES ANYONE KNOW THE NAME FOR ALMOND SEED IN YORUBA LANGUAGE?

    ReplyDelete
  46. Anonymous7:56 am

    Cayenne is Bawa & Chilli is Shombo in Nigeria

    ReplyDelete
  47. Anonymous12:23 pm

    hello please where can I get bay leaves in lagos? or is there a local name for it. Thank you

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. you can get bay leaves in the local market from vendors that sell kitchen spices. it's simply known as bay leaf or jollof rice leaf.

      Delete
  48. Anonymous12:32 am

    Please I kno u sed mint is na'a na but what is spearmint??

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. spearmint is in the same family as mint but has less menthol. i guess in Nigeria it is classified in the mint category and called na'a na

      Delete
  49. Pls another name for ishasha spice, it is common in delta state

    ReplyDelete
  50. Anonymous7:24 pm

    Where can Noni leave be found in Nigeria and does it really grow in Nigeria?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Anonymous6:46 am

      Noni Leave is not indigenous to Nigeria but people plant it these days for research purposes.

      Delete
    2. Anonymous3:47 pm

      Nice blog. Ginger is known in Yoruba as kakandoro

      Delete
  51. Anonymous1:28 pm

    Helo, what is black cohosh called in yoruba.

    ReplyDelete
  52. Anonymous5:58 pm

    Nice blog. I think you should paste a link of your thread on www.nairaland.com
    we need blogs with rich and educative contents like this.
    aspiring bloggers need to see this to know blogging shouldn't be all about celebrity gossip.

    ReplyDelete
  53. Anonymous10:41 am

    Hi dobby, nice blog you have here. I have interest in this area. At the moment am carrying out a research on some common food seasonings consumed in Nigeria and comparing them with our traditional seasonings. in the course of this work i came across your blog and i actually got some ideals from it. keep it up!

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thanks Anon, glad you found the blog useful :)

      Delete
  54. what is fenugreek called in igbo and where can i get it?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Annie, Fenugreek (Known as "Methi") is not indigenous to Nigeria and therefore has no local name. However, it is very easily obtainable at local indian shops (there are some at Ilupeju and EmJays at Adeola Odeku in Victoria island Lagos).You can get both the dried leaves and seeds there.

      Delete
  55. Dobby, thanks a lot for this post,very informative. I had no idea that cinnamon and turmeric are locally grown in Nigeria.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. They sure are Uneku :)

      Delete
  56. Anonymous1:41 pm

    Dobby, wat fruits or spices would u advise for libido boosting in mem. I mean one dat can be found in nija o.
    Tanks

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi anon, Although that's not my field of expertise, foods like Garlic, watermelon, avocado, peanuts, Sardines, dark chocolate is said to boost libido in men.

      Delete
  57. Anonymous8:32 am

    THIS BLOG IS EDUCATIVE I AM TRYING TO GET THE NAMES OF LOCAL SPICES FROM THE EASTERN PART OF NIGERIA AND THEIR USES,PLS HELP.

    ReplyDelete
  58. Anonymous9:37 am

    What is the yoruba name for herb bennet and balm also thanks

    ReplyDelete
  59. Anonymous7:31 pm

    pls where can i get the mint leaves?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. this question has been answered above na!

      Delete
  60. Please where can I get mint leaves in nigeria I live in Delta state and school in benin can anyone please tell me where I can buy mint leaves dobby ur assistance is needed thanks

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. mint is not indigenous to Nigeria so it's rarely grown everywhere except for some select few places. Click on the "Where to get foreign fruits and vegetables in Nigeria" link above to order from the people there.

      Delete
  61. Anonymous7:35 pm

    please what is the yoruba igbo or EDO name of mint leave and where can i buy it around edo state. thanks for your assistance wo far

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. mint is not indigenous to Nigeria so it's rarely grown everywhere except for some select few places. Click on the "Where to get foreign fruits and vegetables in Nigeria" link above to order from the people there.

      Delete
  62. What is curd in Hausa?

    ReplyDelete
  63. Anonymous8:53 am

    Another name for cinnamon and horseradish pls

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Anonymous8:45 am

      almond seed is the common fruit that yoruba called aba. am using this opportunity to invite you to the launching of my book entitled herbal therapy on 21st June, 2016 @ federal college of Dental Technology and Therapy, Enugu: a book that teaches how to use herbs to prevent, control and cure diseases. about 150 plants are been selected for different diseases, their local names(in the major Nigerian languages) also in the book. The interesting part is the well stressed method of preparation and administration.

      Delete
  64. Where can I buy achi the seed which pic. I seen looks like the type you use for making ogbono soup

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Most local markets in Nigeria have it.

      Delete
  65. Anonymous11:21 pm

    please what is mint leave called in yoruba

    ReplyDelete
  66. What's sage called or what does it look like?

    ReplyDelete
  67. Nancy Kuzhe8:43 am

    Hello just came across tis post I stock turmeric,tamarind,cinnamon, Fenugreek,henna,cow ghee, shea butter ,coconut oil,orange peel, and other spices my location is Nasarawa state but I make deliveries nationwide.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Can I get it in Lagos (Fenugreek seed)

      Delete
  68. Please, what is cumin seed and cumin spice? Where can I get it in Nigeria (Abuja)?
    What is the local name in hausa, yoruba and ibibio?

    ReplyDelete
  69. Anonymous10:25 am

    Please what is the local name for bay leaf

    ReplyDelete
  70. What is cumin called in yoruba

    ReplyDelete
  71. Anonymous3:06 am

    Dobby,
    Now I have +1 more reason to love you

    Thank you for being committed to this "calling". God's grace will forever be available for you... Amen!

    I'd like for us to chat. Can you email me cyndah@msn.com
    OR WhatsApp 08030753333

    Thanks
    Ada

    ReplyDelete

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