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Afang Soup (Efik style vegetable soup)

Here's a little Confession: I haven't made Afang in nearly two months before I started thinking about this post. I've been making Edikaikong, Abak Atama , Okazi but not afang. I only decided to make afang because i was getting tired of cooking edikaikong all the time. Now i'm like, WHAT WAS I THINKING?  One thing i've noticed whenever i make vegetable soup is, i never get to reserve some as everyone always seems to want more. This is one soup you can never go wrong with. 
Afang Soup "Efik" is a tasty Nigerian soup which originates from the South-eastern (Cross river....Akwa ibom) part of Nigeria. It's similar to the igbo version known as Ofe okazi but slightly different. The major ingredient which the name of the soup was coined from is the wild spinach leaf (Ukazi/Afang leaf) "Gnetum Africanum" (View full list of Nigerian leafy vegetables here). It's got a tough (hard) papery glossy texture and is tasteless without any distinctive smell until cooked. Due to it's tough texture, its usually sold pre-sliced in the Nigerian market by the vendors.
Sometimes after it's sliced, it's further ground with a dry mill as this tends to bring out the taste more in soups. Afang is a rich source of protein and both essential and non-essential amino acids. it also has an anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogenic and antioxidant properties

How to make Afang soup

• Prep Time:  15 minutes
• Cook Time: Over 45mins

• Serves:        8


• 450g Afang "Okazi" leaves (4 Handfuls), Sliced thinly

• 1 kg Fresh Water leaves

• 400g Periwinkles "Mfi/isam", Shelled - Optional
• 400g Red Beef
• Assorted meat: Sharki"Tripe", Pomo 
• 2 Fresh scotch bonnet pepper (Yellow "nsukka pepper"/red"ata rodo") 
• 2 Seasoning cubes 
• 1 Small Stock fish part 
• 1 small dry fish - optional 
• 1 cooking spoon crayfish 
• 1 cup Palm oil 
• Salt to taste

Step 1: To prepare the Afang leaves, you'd have to choose between Grinding or pounding the leaves. If you want to pound, wash and place the leaves in a mortar and pound with a pestle till it breaks up further. You can also grind the leaves at home or with a commercial mill in the market (This is usually done with a little bit of crayfish to make it grind smoothly). - Set this aside.

Step 2: For this meal, i used shelled periwinkles "Mfi/isam". You could either use the shelled or un-shelled type. To prepare, wash the shelled periwinkles thoroughly to remove the mud. Chop off the sharp edge of the Isam/ Mfi with a Knife or pincer as shown in the pic below, Rinse clean and set aside.

Step 3: Wash the Beef, Stockfish, Dryfish, Sharki, Pomo and place in a small pot. Add the seasoning cubes, Salt and pepper. Add a little water, just enough to cover the contents of the pot and cook for about 15 mins till tender. At this point, add more water into the cooked meat. This would serve as a base for the soup.
Kitchen Tip: To reduce stress, you could add the pepper whole so that once the stock is done, they could easily be removed before the real soup preparation. This doesn't prevent it from giving you the needed flavor and basic nutritional benefits.

Step 4: Once the stock starts to boil, Simply add the palmoil and mix. Leave to cook for about 15 mins till the stock in the pot reduces and the soup thickens.

Step 5: At this point, you can now add the Crayfish and Periwinkles, Leave for 5 minutes

Step 6: Add the ground Afang. Leave to cook further for 5 mins.

Step 7: Add the chopped water-leaves. Leave to cook further for 5 mins. Water leaves tends to bring out more water once it gets into the soup so ensure the liquid in the pot is very little before adding water leaves.

Turn off the burner and Serve with your favorite swallow; Garri/Eba, Fufu, wheatmeal, pounded yam, Semolina e.t.c. O! and don't forget to suck out the periwinkles, that's the best part ;)


  1. Looks really good!!!

  2. So cute.. God bless you Dobby..ma receipe book is so full

  3. I hate snail and I don't eat fish. Will it taste good if I use only meat?

  4. i dnt understand step 4 pls,wht stock do u mean and hw can d soup thicken wt only adding oil in a boiling meat

    1. The stock meant is the water from cooking the meat in step 3. Afang doesn't need much water as the chopped water leaves once added would increase the liquid in the pot therefore it is advisable to leave the meat in step 3 to cook till most of the liquid evaporates leaving a concentrated stock (about 2-3 cooking spoons of meat water) before adding the afang and waterleaf

  5. You be correct woman. Kip it up my lady.

  6. To prepare Afang soup the Efik way, you add the water leaf first and let the water reduce then you add the ground Afang last.

  7. these sound so good! I love how easy they are too!

  8. DOB sweetie. I am so glued here. The water leaf, it depends d one that's is big bring out more water than the other. To avoid having excess water in d soup, it's advisable to boil the water leaf alone just like the way u boil tomato so the water dries off.

    1. Glad to have you here Rofiyat. Thanks for the insight.

  9. wow i can't wait to prepare mine, so crazy about vegetable soup. thanks & God bless

  10. Thank you for this recipe.I've tried cooking it once jut I don't remember the step but then I don't understand what you meant by putting the pepper whole. You stated that in the Kitchen tip.


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